Document Detail

Shortened Doppler-derived mitral A wave deceleration time: an important predictor of elevated left ventricular filling pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8606285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a new variable of mitral inflow, A wave deceleration time, identifies patients with elevated left ventricular filling pressures. BACKGROUND: In patients with an elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, the increase in left ventricular pressure after atrial contraction rapidly exceeds left atrial pressure, resulting in abrupt cessation of the A wave. Therefore, we postulated that a shortening of A wave deceleration time might be a marker for elevated end-diastolic pressure. METHODS: Adequate pulsed Doppler mitral inflow velocities could be recorded in 40 of 44 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheterization with capillary wedge pressure in 20 patients, and within 1 h after left ventricular end-diastolic pressure recording in 20. Fifteen healthy volunteers were also studied. RESULTS: Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was 8 to 35 mm Hg, and mean pulmonary wedge pressure was 6 to 37 mm Hg. Close correlations were found between A wave deceleration time and mean pulmonary wedge pressure (r = -0.87) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (r = -0.74). There were modest correlations between both pressures and peak E/A, E wave deceleration time and A wave duration, respectively; r = 0.59, -0.30 and -0.58 for capillary wedge and r = 0.25, -0.38 and -0.49 for end-diastolic pressures. A wave deceleration time </= 60 ms predicted left ventricular end-diastolic and mean pulmonary wedge pressures > 18 mm Hg, respectively, with a sensitivity of 67% and 89% and specificity of 100% for both. CONCLUSIONS: A shortened Doppler mitral inflow A wave deceleration time is a useful index of elevated left ventricular filling pressure.
A Tenenbaum; M Motro; H Hod; E Kaplinsky; Z Vered
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-05-22     Completed Date:  1996-05-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  700-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Case-Control Studies
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Echocardiography, Doppler
Heart Catheterization
Heart Diseases / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure
Sensitivity and Specificity
Stroke Volume*
Ventricular Pressure*

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