Document Detail


Short-term modulation of the exercise ventilatory response in older men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20601211     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During exercise with added dead space (DS), the exercise ventilatory response (DeltaV(E)/ DeltaV(CO(2))) is augmented in younger men, via short-term modulation (STM) of the exercise ventilatory response. We hypothesized that STM would be diminished or absent in older men due to age-related changes in respiratory function and ventilatory control. Men were studied at rest and during cycle exercise with and without added DS. DeltaV(E)/ DeltaV(CO(2)) increased progressively with increasing DS volume (p<0.01), such that CO(2) was not retained with added DS versus without. Hence, the increase in DeltaV(E)/ DeltaV(CO(2)) was not due to increased chemoreceptor feedback from rest to exercise. Increasing exercise intensity diminished the DeltaV(E)/ DeltaV(CO(2)) (p<0.01), and the size of this effect varied by DS volume (p<0.05). We conclude that STM of the exercise ventilatory response is robust in older men; hence, despite age-related changes in lung function and ventilatory control, the exercise ventilatory response can still adapt to increased DS, in order to maintain isocapnia during exercise relative to rest.
Authors:
Helen E Wood; Gordon S Mitchell; Tony G Babb
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology     Volume:  173     ISSN:  1878-1519     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Physiol Neurobiol     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-10     Completed Date:  2010-12-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140022     Medline TA:  Respir Physiol Neurobiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center-Dallas, 7232 Greenville Ave., Dallas, TX 75231, United States. helen.wood@kcl.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aging / physiology*
Analysis of Variance
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Male
Physical Exertion / physiology
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology*
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology*
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*

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