Document Detail

Short-term exercise training enhances functional sympatholysis through a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23297301     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We tested the hypothesis that short-term mild- (M) and heavy-intensity (H) exercise training would enhance sympatholysis through a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 36) were randomly assigned to sedentary (S) or to M (20 m min(-1) 5% gradient) or H exercise training groups (40 m min(-1) 5% gradient). Rats assigned to M and H groups trained on 5 days week(-1) for 4 weeks, with the volume of training being matched between groups. Rats were anaesthetized and instrumented for stimulation of the lumbar sympathetic chain and the measurement of arterial blood pressure and femoral artery blood flow. The triceps surae muscle group was stimulated to contract rhythmically at 30 and 60% of maximal contractile force (MCF). The percentage change of femoral vascular conductance (%FVC) in response to sympathetic stimulation delivered at 2 and 5 Hz was determined at rest and during contraction at 30 and 60% MCF. The vascular response to sympathetic stimulation was reduced as a function of MCF in all rats (P < 0.05). At 30% MCF, the magnitude of sympatholysis (%FVC rest - contraction; %FVC) was greater in H compared with M and S groups (%FVC at 2 Hz, S, 9 ± 5; M, 11 ± 8; and H, 18 ± 7; and %FVC at 5 Hz, S, 6 ± 6; M, 12 ± 9; and H, 18 ± 7; P < 0.05) and was greater in H and M compared with S at 60% MCF (%FVC at 2 Hz, S, 15 ± 5; M, 25 ± 3; and H, 36 ± 6; and %FVC at 5 Hz, S, 22 ± 6; M, 33 ± 9; and H, 39 ± 9; P < 0.05). Blockade of NO synthase did not alter the magnitude of sympatholysis in S during contraction at 30 or 60% MCF. In contrast, NO synthase inhibition diminished sympatholysis in H at 30% MCF and in M and H at 60% MCF (P < 0.05). The present findings indicate that short-term exercise training augments sympatholysis in a training-intensity-dependent manner and through an NO-dependent mechanism.
Nicholas G Jendzjowsky; Darren S Delorey
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  591     ISSN:  1469-7793     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-18     Completed Date:  2013-08-30     Revised Date:  2014-03-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1535-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Femoral Artery / physiology
Muscle Contraction
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / physiology*
Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors
Physical Exertion*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Regional Blood Flow
Vasomotor System / metabolism,  physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
31C4KY9ESH/Nitric Oxide; EC Oxide Synthase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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