Document Detail

Short-term emersion affects cardiac function and regional haemolymph distribution in the crab Cancer magister
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9318274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Changes in cardiac function and arterial haemolymph flow associated with 6 h of emersion were investigated in the crab Cancer magister using an ultrasonic flowmeter. This species is usually found sublittorally but, owing to the large-scale horizontal water movements associated with extreme tides, C. magister may occasionally become stranded on the beach. Laboratory experiments were designed such that the emersion period was typical of those that might be experienced by this crab in its natural environment. The frequency of the heart beat began to decline sharply almost immediately after the start of the experimental emersion period. Cardiac stroke volume fell more gradually. The combined reduction in these two variables led to a maximum decrease in cardiac output of more than 70 % from the control rate. Haemolymph flow through all the arteries originating at the heart, with the exception of the anterior aorta, also declined markedly during emersion. As the water level in the experimental chamber fell below the inhalant branchial openings, a stereotypical, dramatic increase in haemolymph flow through the anterior aorta began and this continued for the duration of the emersion period. The rapid time course of the decline in heart-beat frequency and the increase in haemolymph flow through the anterior aorta suggest a neural mechanism responding to the absence of ventilatory water in the branchial chambers. These responses may be adaptations, respectively, to conserve energy by reducing the minute volume of haemolymph pumped by the heart and to protect the supply of haemolymph to cephalic elements of the central nervous system. The decline in cardiac stroke volume, which occurs more slowly over the emersion period, may be a passive result of the failure to supply sufficient O2 to meet the aerobic demands of the cardiac ganglion.
Airriess; Mcmahon
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  199     ISSN:  1477-9145     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  1996  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  569-78     Citation Subset:  -    
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