Document Detail


Short-term effects of a high-fiber, high-carbohydrate diet in very obese diabetic individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6100887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The short-term effects of a weight-maintenance diet high in fiber and carbohydrate (HFHC) was studied in seven very obese individuals with type II diabetes mellitus. Such diets contained 68% of kcal as carbohydrate and total fiber content of 81 g (in contrast to 42% and 28 g during baseline). Fasting glucose concentrations, summed glucose concentrations, and 24-h glucosuria were unaffected in six of seven individuals. Fasting insulin levels decreased (-6.0 +/- 2.0 microU/ml, P less than 0.05), but meal-stimulated insulin concentrations were not altered. Triglyceride and HDL cholesterol concentrations were also unaffected. Total cholesterol concentrations fell in four individuals whose initial values exceeded 200 mg/dl. Basal glucose production rates were similar in the obese diabetic subjects, in five nonobese normal subjects, and in one obese normal individual (2.05 +/- 0.19 versus 2.63 +/- 0.30 and 1.85 mg/kg/min for the obese normal individual) while on baseline diets, and did not change with HFHC. During isoglycemic hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp procedures (maintenance of basal glucose concentrations), 40 mU/m2/min was infused intravenously for 2 h. Glucose disappearance rates increased significantly in the normal-weight control subjects, but did not increase during baseline diets in the obese type II diabetic subjects (4.65 +/- 0.80 versus 0.68 +/- 0.40 mg/kg/min). HFHC diet had no effect on glucose disappearance rates. Plasma insulin levels were 131.0 +/- 11.0, 120.0 +/- 11.0, and 120.0 +/- 5.0 microU/ml during these studies. These studies indicate that short-term HFHC diets without caloric restriction were ineffective in improving glycemic control or lessening insulin resistance in very obese patients with type II diabetes.
Authors:
C R Hoffman; S E Fineberg; D C Howey; C M Clark; Z Pronsky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes care     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0149-5992     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetes Care     Publication Date:    1982 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-04-01     Completed Date:  1987-04-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805975     Medline TA:  Diabetes Care     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  605-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Diabetes Mellitus / diet therapy*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
Female
Humans
Insulin / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P608 M 20542-SRC//PHS HHS; R01 AM21353/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS; RR 750/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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