Document Detail

Short-term effects of exercise and music on cognitive performance among participants in a cardiac rehabilitation program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14652528     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Exercise has been associated with improved cognitive performance among patients with coronary artery disease. Music listening has been associated with enhanced cognitive functioning among healthy adults. This study evaluated the combined influence of exercise and music listening on cognitive performance among patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN AND SETTING: Using a within-subjects repeated measures design, this study was conducted in an outpatient University-based CR facility. SAMPLE: Thirty-three men and women (mean age = 62.6 +/- 10.5 years) participated in this study. METHODS: Participants completed 1 exercise session accompanied by music and a second exercise session without music. Order of conditions was assigned randomly. Before and after each exercise session, participants completed a brief assessment of depression and anxiety, and a cognitive test of verbal fluency. RESULTS: The music condition was associated with significant improvements in verbal fluency, but the no-music control condition was not associated with cognitive change. CONCLUSION: The study provides preliminary evidence of the combined benefit of exercise and music listening for cognitive performance among patients in CR.
Charles F Emery; Evana T Hsiao; Scott M Hill; David J Frid
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart & lung : the journal of critical care     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0147-9563     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Lung     Publication Date:    2003 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-04-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330057     Medline TA:  Heart Lung     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-73     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cognition / physiology*
Coronary Artery Disease / psychology*,  rehabilitation*
Exercise Therapy*
Middle Aged
Music Therapy*
Program Evaluation
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
Comment In:
Heart Lung. 2004 Sep-Oct;33(5):343; author reply 343   [PMID:  15454915 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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