Document Detail


Short-term effect of eggs on satiety in overweight and obese subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16373948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that among overweight and obese participants, a breakfast consisting of eggs, in comparison to an isocaloric equal-weight bagel-based breakfast, would induce greater satiety, reduce perceived cravings, and reduce subsequent short-term energy intake. SUBJECTS: Thirty women with BMI's of at least 25 kg/M2 between the ages of 25 to 60 y were recruited to participate in a randomized crossover design study in an outpatient clinic setting. DESIGN: Following an overnight fast, subjects consumed either an egg or bagel-based breakfast followed by lunch 3.5 h later, in random order two weeks apart. Food intake was weighed at breakfast and lunch and recorded via dietary recall up to 36 h post breakfast. Satiety was assessed using the Fullness Questionnaire and the State-Trait Food Cravings Questionnaire, state version. RESULTS: During the pre-lunch period, participants had greater feelings of satiety after the egg breakfast, and consumed significantly less energy (kJ; 2405.6 +/- 550.0 vs 3091.3 +/- 445.5, Egg vs Bagel breakfasts, p < 0.0001), grams of protein (16.8 +/- 4.2 vs 22.3 +/- 3.4, Egg vs Bagel breakfasts, p < 0.0001), carbohydrate 83.1 +/- 20.2 vs 110.9 +/- 18.7, Egg vs Bagel breakfasts, p < 0.0001), and fat 19.4 +/- 5.1 vs 22.8 +/- 3.2, Egg vs Bagel breakfasts, p < 0.0001) for lunch. Energy intake following the egg breakfast remained lower for the entire day (p < 0.05) as well as for the next 36 hours (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to an isocaloric, equal weight bagel-based breakfast, the egg-breakfast induced greater satiety and significantly reduced short-term food intake. The potential role of a routine egg breakfast in producing a sustained caloric deficit and consequent weight loss, should be determined.
Authors:
Jillon S Vander Wal; Jorene M Marth; Pramod Khosla; K-L Catherine Jen; Nikhil V Dhurandhar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-23     Completed Date:  2006-02-07     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, Missouri, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Appetite
Body Mass Index
Cross-Over Studies
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Eating*
Eggs*
Energy Intake / physiology*
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Obesity / diet therapy,  prevention & control
Postprandial Period
Questionnaires
Satiation / physiology*
Satiety Response*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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