Document Detail


Short-term diets enriched in stearic or palmitic acids do not alter plasma lipids, platelet aggregation or platelet activation status.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12032647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether healthy males who consumed increased amounts of dietary stearic acid compared with increased dietary palmitic acid through the consumption of commercially available foods, exhibited any changes in plasma lipids, platelet aggregation or platelet activation status. DESIGN: A randomised cross-over dietary intervention. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Nine free-living healthy males consumed two experimental diets (stearic acid enriched, diet S, and palmitic acid enriched, diet P) for 3 weeks in a randomised cross-over design separated by a 3 week washout phase. The diets consisted of approximately 30% of energy as fat (30% of which was derived from the treatment diets) providing approximately 13 g/day as stearic acid and 17 g/day as palmitic acid on diet S and approximately 7 g/day as stearic acid and 22 g/day as palmitic acid on diet P. The dietary ratio of stearic to palmitic acids was 0.76 on diet S compared with 0.31 on diet P. Blood samples were collected on days 0 and 21 of each dietary period. RESULTS: LDL cholesterol levels and platelet aggregation response to the agonist ADP were significantly decreased (P<0.025) in subjects on diet S compared with day 0. Apart from that, there were no significant changes in plasma lipids, platelet aggregation, mean platelet volume and platelet reactivity between diets. There were no significant changes in stearic or palmitic acid levels in plasma phospholipid or triacylglycerol. There was a significant difference in palmitic acid levels in platelet phospholipids between the two diets. CONCLUSIONS: Use of commonly available foods led to a 27% increase in stearic acid (diet S) and a 19% increase in palmitic acid (diet P), on diets S and P respectively, and no significant differences between the two diets in plasma lipoprotein concentrations, platelet aggregation or platelet activation status.
Authors:
F D Kelly; A J Sinclair; N J Mann; A H Turner; F L Raffin; M V Blandford; M J Pike
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-28     Completed Date:  2002-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  490-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Cell Count
Cross-Over Studies
Flow Cytometry
Humans
Lipids / blood*
Male
Palmitic Acid / administration & dosage*
Platelet Activation / drug effects*
Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
Stearic Acids / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids; 0/Stearic Acids; 57-10-3/Palmitic Acid; 57-11-4/stearic acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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