Document Detail


Short-term Outcomes of the C3 Excluder for Patients With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and Unfavorable Proximal Aortic Seal Zones.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22981019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with unfavorable proximal seal zones remains challenging. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of proximal extension cuff usage for type I endoleaks in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms and unfavorable necks treated with the C3 Excluder repositionable endoprosthesis compared with the traditional Excluder stent-graft. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients undergoing EVAR with unfavorable neck anatomy from January 2010 to October 2011 using the Excluder endoprosthesis on the traditional deployment system or the C3 repositionable system. Seventy-seven patients were treated with the Excluder device, with 44 (57%) having unfavorable neck anatomy defined as proximal aortic neck length of <15 mm, neck diameter of >28 mm, neck angulation of >60°, circumferential thrombus of >50% or calcification at the proximal seal zone, or a "reverse taper" on computed tomographic angiography. Of the 44 patients with unfavorable neck anatomy, 24 patients received the C3 Excluder and 20 received the traditional Excluder. RESULTS: The groups' comorbidities, aneurysm characteristics, and high-risk neck criteria were comparable. Initial success was 100% in both groups. Sixteen of the 44 patients (36%) with high-risk neck criteria required proximal extension cuffs for type I endoleaks, with 3 of the 24 patients (13%) in the C3 group compared with 13 of the 20 patients (65%) in the traditional Excluder group requiring proximal extension (P = 0.0005). Operative variables between the two groups were similar. At mean follow-up of 2 months (range: 1-6 months), there were no type I endoleaks or renal artery occlusion, and sac size regression was similar. CONCLUSIONS: The C3 Excluder endoprosthesis significantly reduces the need for proximal extension cuffs in patients with unfavorable aortic neck anatomy compared with the traditional Excluder with identical short-term clinical outcomes. Repositionable grafts could increase the number of patients who can effectively be treated with EVAR.
Authors:
Matthew R Smeds; Donald L Jacobs; Gary J Peterson; Brian G Peterson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-5947     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Vasc Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO. Electronic address: msmeds@slu.edu.
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