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Short- and long-term outcomes in octogenarians after coronary artery bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22922696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery surgery in octogenarians is carried out with an increasing frequency. We tried to determine short- and long-term outcomes and quality of life after coronary artery surgery in this patient group. METHODS: From 3312 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in two centres in the years 2004-06, 240 (7.2%) were older than 80 years (mean age 82.3 years, 57.1% male). The octogenarians were analysed regarding perioperative major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), late mortality and health-related quality of life (SF-12 questionnaire) and compared with 376 younger patients (mean age 66.8 years, 61.4% male) using propensity score matching. The mean follow-up time of 30-day survivors was 53 months, and follow-up completeness was 97.1%. RESULTS: The octogenarians' 30-day mortality rate was 6.8% (vs 1.6% in the younger group). In the multivariate analysis, age was a risk factor for early death [odds ratio (OR) 4.28, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.59-11.53] and perioperative MACCE (OR 2.78, 95% CI:1.44-5.37). One-year and 3-year survivals were 94.5 and 81.4% in the octogenarians and 98 and 91.3% in the younger group. Four years after surgery, 95.2% of the octogenarians lived alone, with a partner or with relatives, and only 4.0% required permanent nursing care. 83.9% of the octogenarians would recommend surgery to their friends and relatives for relief of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarians can undergo CABG surgery with an acceptable risk of early death. Though late mortality is high, late quality of life is comparable with that of younger patients.
Authors:
Bedriye Sen; Bernd Niemann; Peter Roth; Raed Aser; Markus Schönburg; Andreas Böning
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Giessen, Giessen , Germany.
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