Document Detail

Short- and long-term effectiveness, morbidity, and mortality of peritoneovenous shunt inserted to treat massive refractory ascites of nephrogenic origin analysis of 14 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2479308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The experience with 14 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), 13 of them maintained on chronic hemodialysis (x 20.4 months +/- 2.9 SEM) and one following successful renal transplantation, underwent placement of a peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) for refractory ascites that had been present before insertion from two to 15 months (x 5.3 +/- 0.8 SEM). A "specific" cause for the ascites could not be identified in any of the 14 patients. The ascites was an exudate in every patient (protein content greater than 3.5 gm/dl). Twelve patients (86%) obtained significant relief of the discomfort and all effects of the ascites, and objective clinical improvement persisted for at least six months. Nine patients (75%) survived one year and six (50%) survived three or more years. Three patients (21%) had recurrence of ascites because of shunt malfunction; however, two of them were successfully treated with placement of a second shunt. Eight (57%) patients have died since the onset of their ascites (x 14.1 months +/- 3.5 SEM); one death was attributable to PVS placement, while the other seven deaths were due to complications of their ESRD. Insertion of a PVS is an effective therapeutic alternative to palliate the discomfort and ill effects of massive nephrogenic ascites that is often refractory to hemodialysis with ultrafiltration.
A Holm; E A Rutsky; J S Aldrete
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American surgeon     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0003-1348     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Surg     Publication Date:  1989 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-12-15     Completed Date:  1989-12-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370522     Medline TA:  Am Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  645-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham 35294.
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MeSH Terms
Ascites / complications
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*,  surgery
Middle Aged
Palliative Care / methods
Peritoneovenous Shunt / adverse effects,  mortality*
Renal Dialysis
Survival Rate
Time Factors

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