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Short-form versions of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire and the Family Impact Scale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23330809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To develop short-form versions of the Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) and Family Impact Scale (FIS). METHODS: Pretest/post-test clinical studies involved parent-completed questionnaires (the P-CPQ and the FIS) before and some weeks after dental care (under general anaesthesia) for early childhood caries (ECCs) in consecutive clinical samples from Wellington and Auckland. Deriving the short-form versions used only the baseline data from the Wellington sample (N = 195), whereas their evaluation used both baseline and follow-up data from the Auckland sample (N = 144 followed up). Item impact analysis was used to identify the 8 and 16 items with the greatest impact. An eight-item short-form FIS version was obtained in the same way. RESULTS: In the Wellington sample, Cronbach's α for the full, 16- and 8-item P-CPQ scales was 0.92, 0.89 and 0.82, respectively, and it was 0.88 and 0.85 for the full and eight-item FIS. Cross-sectional concurrent validity in the Wellington sample was acceptable for all short forms. Examining their responsiveness in the Auckland sample, large decreases post-treatment were observed in the short-form P-CPQ scores which were similar in relative magnitude to those seen with the full version. The full and short-form FIS scale scores showed moderate decreases. CONCLUSIONS: The reliability, validity and responsiveness of the short-form versions were acceptable in these settings with children suffering from severe ECC; however, before they can be treated as definitive measures for use in health services research to determine the effects of clinical interventions for ECC, their test-retest reliability should be examined and further validation undertaken.
Authors:
William Murray Thomson; Lyndie A Foster Page; Wanda N Gaynor; Penelope E Malden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Community dentistry and oral epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0528     ISO Abbreviation:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410263     Medline TA:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
School of Dentistry, Sir John Walsh Research Institute, The University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
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