Document Detail


Short communication: effect of postgrazing residual pasture height on milk production.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18946136     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In grazing systems, dry matter intake (DMI) and milk production have been reported to increase with increasing pasture allowance (PA). This has often led to greater postgrazing residual heights being associated with a well-fed cow. However, in previous studies pastures were often managed to be homogeneous pretreatment, confounding the effect of postgrazing height and PA because high PA led to high postgrazing height. The objective of this study was to determine whether postgrazing height affects milk production if cows are offered the same PA. Before the study, perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) dominant pastures were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 grazing treatments and defoliated to 4.1 +/- 0.3 (low), 5.1 +/- 0.3 (medium), or 5.9 +/- 0.3 (high) cm compressed postgrazing residual pasture height. When a minimum of 2 new leaves had emerged on the majority of ryegrass tillers, 30 multiparous dairy cows were randomly assigned to 1 of the 3 treatments and grazed their respective pastures over a 10-d period. Cows were offered a similar PA above the preexperimental postgrazing residual (17.1 +/- 2.9 kg of dry matter/cow per d). Pasture disappearance per daily grazing area (estimated DMI) was similar across treatments (14.8 kg of dry matter/cow per d). Milk yield was negatively correlated with postgrazing height, but postgrazing height had no effect on milk component yield. Although the reason for this reduction in milk yield remains unclear, data indicate that low postgrazing heights do not adversely affect milk production.
Authors:
J M Lee; D J Donaghy; J R Roche
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-23     Completed Date:  2009-01-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4307-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
DairyNZ Ltd., Private Bag 3221, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Cattle / physiology*
Dairying / methods*
Feeding Methods / veterinary*
Female
Lolium / metabolism*
Milk / chemistry,  secretion*
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