Document Detail


Short communication: Effects of analgesic use postcalving on cow welfare and production.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24290817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to assess the welfare and production of cows given an analgesic drug (carprofen, 1.4 mg/kg i.v.) within 6 h after calving. The study was performed in a dairy farm with approximately 1,000 milking cows. Behavior, clinical indices, and production data (milk yield and fertility) of cows treated with carprofen (n = 19) or a placebo (n = 20) were compared. Additionally, differences related to parity (primiparous vs. multiparous) were analyzed. No significant differences were observed in the time of placental expulsion or incidence of clinical disease over the 3 d postpartum, but more animals from the analgesia group were observed eating during the first hours after calving. For unassisted calvings, the rectal temperature 24 h postpartum was lower in the cows given analgesic. Total lactation yields at 305 d in milk were higher in the primiparous cows treated with carprofen. Fewer cows were pregnant at 220 d postpartum in the treated group as the use of carprofen increased the time from calving to conception. This study suggests that pain management after parturition leads to earlier feed intake after calving and that this may lead to higher milk yield in first-lactation animals.
Authors:
G Stilwell; H Schubert; D M Broom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, UL. Alto da Ajuda, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address: stilwell@fmv.utl.pt.
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