Document Detail

Short-term outcomes of newborns with perinatal acidemia who are not eligible for systemic hypothermia therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22871488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine short-term outcomes of infants who had perinatal acidemia and were evaluated for hypothermia therapy but did not qualify based on a standardized neurologic examination.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, single-site cohort study of inborn infants of ≥ 36 weeks gestation who had perinatal acidemia from October 2005-September 2008 and had a standardized neurologic examination performed by a certified neonatologist to assess eligibility for hypothermia therapy. An abnormal short-term nursery outcome was defined as death, seizures, brain magnetic resonance imaging consistent with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, abnormal neurologic examination at discharge, gastrostomy tube feeding, or inability to nipple all feeds beyond the first week of age.
RESULTS: One hundred forty-four (0.3%) of 46 887 newborns with perinatal acidemia had a neurologic examination performed that was either normal (n = 29) or consistent with mild encephalopathy (1 or 2 abnormal categories; n = 60). Of the latter infants classified as having mild encephalopathy, 12 (20%) experienced an abnormal short-term outcome (feeding difficulties, n = 8; abnormal neurologic examination at discharge, n = 7; abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging, n = 6; seizures, n = 5; gastrostomy, n = 1; or death, n = 1).
CONCLUSIONS: Twenty percent of newborns with perinatal acidemia and a neurologic examination that revealed only mild encephalopathy had abnormal short-term outcomes that could be attributed to the encephalopathy. Adjunctive tools or biomarkers for optimal assessment of infants with fetal acidemia for hypothermia therapy are needed.
Tara L DuPont; Lina F Chalak; Michael C Morriss; P Jeannette Burchfield; Lucy Christie; Pablo J Sánchez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-08-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  162     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-24     Completed Date:  2013-02-19     Revised Date:  2013-07-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  35-41     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9063, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hypothermia, Induced
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain / blood*,  therapy*
Infant, Newborn
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Grant Support

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