Document Detail

Short-term effect of atorvastatin on carotid artery elasticity: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21903964     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the early effects of statins on carotid artery elasticity, a potential surrogate marker of cardiovascular risk. This study examined the short-term effects of atorvastatin 80 mg daily on carotid elasticity measured by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound.
METHODS: The study included 40 stroke-free and statin-naive subjects older than age 45 (mean age, 70±7 years; 55% men; 64% Caribbean-Hispanic). Outcome measures included carotid stiffness indices at 14 and 30 days after initiation of treatment. The systolic and diastolic diameters of the right common carotid artery were averaged from multiple B-mode imaging frames. Absolute and relative changes of strain [(systolic diameter-diastolic diameter)/diastolic diameter], stiffness (β) [ln (systolic/diastolic blood pressure)/strain], and distensibility (1/β adjusted for wall thickness) from baseline were compared by the repeated measures t test and were considered significant at α=0.05.
RESULTS: Baseline mean stiffness was 0.08 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.06-0.10). It significantly decreased at day 30 to 0.05 (CI, 0.04-0.06; P<0.01). Mean baseline distensibility was 15.25 (CI, 13.18-17.32), increasing significantly at day 30 to 17.23 (CI, 14.01-20.45; P<0.05). An improvement in distensibility of ≥10% from baseline was observed in 29 (73%) subjects. Changes in stiffness and distensibility were maximal among subjects with baseline low-density lipoprotein levels<130 mg/dL.
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term treatment with high-dose atorvastatin was associated with improvement in the carotid elasticity metrics. Carotid artery elasticity measured by B-mode ultrasound is a simple noninvasive measure of arterial wall function and may be a useful surrogate end point in clinical trials targeting individuals at increased risk for atherosclerosis.
Elizabeth V Ratchford; Jose Gutierrez; Dalia Lorenzo; Mark S McClendon; David Della-Morte; Janet T DeRosa; Mitchell S V Elkind; Ralph L Sacco; Tatjana Rundek
Related Documents :
8251284 - Dose-response relationship for inhaled nitric oxide in experimental pulmonary hypertens...
9817684 - Effects of dipyridamole and inhaled nitric oxide in pediatric patients with pulmonary h...
22178424 - Characteristics of tav- and bav-associated thoracic aortic aneurysms-smooth muscle cell...
20732524 - Angiographic predictors of hemodynamic improvement after pulmonary endarterectomy.
18265724 - Aberrant internal carotid artery in the middle ear: two case reports.
7333234 - Review of pulmonary effects of poly(vinyl chloride) and vinyl chloride exposure.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-09-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-29     Completed Date:  2012-08-13     Revised Date:  2014-09-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3460-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy,  ultrasonography
Carotid Arteries / drug effects*,  ultrasonography
Elasticity / drug effects*
Heptanoic Acids / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Pilot Projects
Pyrroles / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Heptanoic Acids; 0/Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors; 0/Pyrroles; A0JWA85V8F/atorvastatin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Neuroprotection by Freezing Ischemic Penumbra Evolution Without Cerebral Blood Flow Augmentation Wit...
Next Document:  Prediction of Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction Using Computed Tomography-Based Intracrani...