Document Detail


Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections among livestock exhibitors and visitors at a Texas County Fair.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16011437     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We report an agricultural fair-associated shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (STEC O157) outbreak that was unusual in that it affected both livestock exhibitors and visitors. Twenty-five human cases of STEC O157 infection were detected after the Fort Bend County Fair in Rosenberg, Texas, which ran from 9/26/03 to 10/04/03. Seven cases were culture-confirmed. There were four hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) cases, and one thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) case. Cases ranged in age from 18 months to 67 years. Twenty-two (88%) cases were female. Analysis of unmatched case-control data linked STEC O157 infection with visiting fair livestock exhibit areas and with multiple fair visits. All outbreak-related isolates were of a single STEC O157 subtype. Fair Ground environmental sampling and culture for STEC O157, conducted 46 days after the end of the Fair, yielded multiple STEC O157 isolates, including the outbreak subtype. Livestock exhibitors and fair visitors should follow guidelines to reduce the risk of transmission of STEC O157 at agricultural fairs.
Authors:
Lisa M Durso; Kaye Reynolds; Nate Bauer; James E Keen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1530-3667     ISO Abbreviation:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-13     Completed Date:  2005-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100965525     Medline TA:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Animals
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data*,  veterinary
Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology*,  transmission*
Escherichia coli O157 / isolation & purification*
Female
Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic / epidemiology
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Shiga Toxin / biosynthesis
Texas / epidemiology
Zoonoses*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
75757-64-1/Shiga Toxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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