Document Detail

Shift in sodium chloride sources in past 10 years of salt reduction campaign in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9058509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Twenty four-hr total food duplicate samples were collected from nonsmoking house-wives (aged mostly 30 to 60 years) twice at a 10-year interval in winter seasons, once in around 1980 and then in around 1990 in 11 prefectures in Japan. In practice, 342 and 472 samples were obtained in the 1980 and 1990 studies, respectively. Sodium chloride (NaCl) intake via each food item was estimated from the weight of the item in the duplicate. The comparison of 1990 results with 1980 results showed that the total NaCl intake (i.e., NaCl intake via all food items) decreased after a 10-year campaign to lower salt intake. The NaCl/energy ratio however stayed essentially unchanged. Whereas NaCl intake via pickles decreased remarkably and that via miso paste [a fermentation product of soy bean, rice (or wheat) and salt] slightly, the decreases were counteracted by a substantial increase in NaCl intake via soy bean sauce. Meaning of this unexpected counteraction was discussed in relation to the difficulties in the campaign to lower salt intake.
S Shimbo; I Hatai; T Saito; M Yokota; Y Imai; T Watanabe; C S Moon; Z W Zhang; M Ikeda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine     Volume:  180     ISSN:  0040-8727     ISO Abbreviation:  Tohoku J. Exp. Med.     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-23     Completed Date:  1997-05-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417355     Medline TA:  Tohoku J Exp Med     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyoto Women's University, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebrovascular Disorders / prevention & control
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Energy Intake
Middle Aged
National Health Programs
Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
7647-14-5/Sodium Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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