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Shift in nutrient and plankton community in eutrophic lake following introduction of a freshwater bivalve.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21882660     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The impact of the freshwater bivalve Corbicula leana on plankton community dynamics was examined during a cyanobacterial bloom period. Nutrient and chlorophyll concentrations, primary productivity, and phytoplankton and zooplankton communities in the experimental enclosures were measured at 2-3 day intervals. The introduction of mussels reduced net primary productivity and phytoplankton and chlorophyll. Chlorophyll decreased immediately following addition of 100 mussels and then increased over time. After 600 mussels were added, chlorophyll decreased continuously from 87to 25 microg l(-1), approaching that in the mussel-free enclosure. Simultaneously, water transparency increased and concentrations of suspended solids and total phosphorus decreased. Mussel addition caused short-term increases in nutrient concentrations, especially following high-density treatment: phytoplankton density decreased, while cell density in the mussel-free enclosure increased. Zooplankton densities in the two enclosures were similar; however, carbon biomass in the mussel enclosure increased, associated with an increase in large zooplankton. The trophic relationship between phytoplankton and zooplankton was positive in the mussel-free enclosure and negative in the mussel-treatment enclosure, possibly reflecting effects of mussels on both consumer and resource control in the plankton community. Thus, filter feeding by Corbicula affects nutrient recycling and plankton community structure in a freshwater ecosystem through direct feeding and competition for food resources.
Authors:
Soon-Jin Hwang; Ho-Seob Kim; Jung-Hwan Park; Baik-Ho Kim
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental biology / Academy of Environmental Biology, India     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0254-8704     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Biol     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8300544     Medline TA:  J Environ Biol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  227-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143701, Republic of Korea.
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