Document Detail

Shift of equiluminance in congenital color vision deficiencies: pattern-ERG, VEP and psychophysical findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9156227     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We compared electrophysiological responses [pattern-ERG (PERG) and VEP] and psychophysical measures to color stimuli to separate different forms of anomalous color vision. PERG and VEP were recorded from seven normals and 14 subjects with congenital color vision deficiencies. Stimuli were color checkerboards with 0.5 deg check size, phase reversing at 34 rev/sec. The luminances of the red and green parts were varied in opposite direction from 0 to 30 cd/m2, while the hue of individual squares and space-averaged luminance were held constant. This allowed for one equiluminance condition where flicker appeared fused. In the seven normals, the subjective equiluminance was reached at a luminance ratio red/(red + green) = 0.50-0.53. At that point, the PERG amplitude was moderately, and the VEP amplitude sharply reduced. In 14 color anomalous subjects both the PERG and VEP were sharply reduced at equiluminance. These dips were shifted compared to normals and the dip position corresponded to the predicted luminance ratios obtained by calculations from L- and M-cone activation using the Smith-Pokorny transformation. As we found a close correlation of the VEP-dip position and the anomalous quotient, these electrophysiological measures may allow objective assessment of color vision deficiencies.
J Gerling; T Meigen; M Bach
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-26     Completed Date:  1997-06-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  821-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Universitäts-Augenklinik, Freiburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Color Vision Defects / physiopathology*
Evoked Potentials, Visual / physiology*
Flicker Fusion / physiology
Middle Aged
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*

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