Document Detail

Shelf arthroplasties long-term outcome: influence of labral tears. A prospective study at a minimal 16 years' follows up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20851074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis lesions extent and dysplasia severity (negative vertical center edge [CE] angle) are recognized as unfavorable criteria for the survival of shelf arthroplasties performed for correcting hip dysplasia. Labral tears have recently been described on dysplastic hips, indicating beginning osteoarthritis and worsening the risk of instability.
HYPOTHESIS: The labral tears identified in the course of shelf arthroplasty procedures for correction of hip dysplasia carry a predictive value for the survival of this operation.
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate this hypothesis at the intermediate term in a long-term prospective observational study.
PATIENT AND METHODS: Eighteen adult patients (18 dysplastic hips) having undergone shelf arthroplasty were included consecutively in a continuous prospective study. At the time the shelf arthroplasty was performed, a hip arthroscopic exam was carried out to search for and resect a labral tear if necessary. Fifteen patients were reviewed with a minimum follow-up of 16 years. Two patients died and one patient was lost to follow-up.
RESULTS: During arthroscopic exploration, 10 hips presented labral tears (55.6%). At a mean follow-up of 16.3 years (range, 16-18 years), eight hips underwent hip arthroplasty. Of these hips, only one did not present a labral tear. The seven other hips had a tear of the labrum (p<0.001). The overall survival rate was 41.3%; it was 83.3% for hips with no labral tear and 15.2% for hips with a lesion of the labrum (p=0.048).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Labral tears had a negative impact on the outcome of shelf arthroplasty for hip dysplasia. This lesion therefore warrants being sought using appropriate exploration techniques (MRI or CT-arthrography) before shelf arthroplasty surgery. The existence of a preoperative labral tear does not seem to cast doubt on shelf arthroplasty itself. However, it should be identified so as to set objectives and expectations: long-term survival is significantly lower in the presence of a labral tear. It seems preferable to repair this type of lesion with arthroscopic guidance during shelf arthroplasty to prevent a potential source of residual pain, keeping in mind that secondary resection will be more difficult after covering the lesion.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3 prospective observational prognostic study.
C Berton; D Bocquet; N Krantz; A Cotten; H Migaud; J Girard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR     Volume:  96     ISSN:  1877-0568     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-17     Completed Date:  2011-08-12     Revised Date:  2013-10-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101494830     Medline TA:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  753-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Université Lille-Nord-de-France, 59000 Lille, France.
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MeSH Terms
Cartilage / injuries*
Follow-Up Studies
Hip Dislocation / complications,  pathology*,  surgery*
Middle Aged
Osteoarthritis, Hip / etiology,  pathology,  surgery
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult

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