Document Detail


Shear stress in the common carotid artery is related to both intima-media thickness and echogenecity. The Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19996519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It has previously been shown that the degree of shear stress (SS) in the carotid artery is related to both plaque occurrence and intima-media thickness (IMT). Since the echogenecity also is an important feature of plaques, we investigated if a reduced shear stress also is related to the echolucency of plaque and the intima-media complex. In the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, a population-based study of 1016 subjects aged 70, left common carotid artery diameter, IMT, the grey scale median (GSM) of the intima-media complex (IM-GSM) and the blood flow velocity were measured by ultrasound. Occurrence of plaque was noted, and the echogenecity of the plaques was visually estimated by the Gray-Weale classification. Shear stress was inversely related to both IMT and IM-GSM (p=0.0084 and p=0.003, respectively), independently of gender and coronary risk, estimated by the Framingham risk score. Shear stress was lower in subjects with carotid plaque (44% of the sample) than in those without (p=0.0013), and was inversely related to the echogenecity in the subjects with plaque (p=0.0092), independently of gender and coronary risk. A low shear stress in the common carotid artery was associated with both a thick IMT and an echolucent intima-media complex. A similar picture was seen when overt plaques were evaluated, suggesting that shear stress is of importance for both the extent and composition of atherosclerosis.
Authors:
Lars Lind; Jessika Andersson; Anders Larsson; Bo Sandhagen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1875-8622     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc.     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709206     Medline TA:  Clin Hemorheol Microcirc     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-308     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
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