Document Detail

Sexually Transmitted Infections Among HIV-Infected Adults in HIV Care Programs in Kenya: A National Sample of HIV Clinics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23324977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Identifying sexually transmitted infections (STI) in HIV-infected individuals has potential to benefit individual and public health. There are few guidelines regarding routine STI screening in sub-Saharan African HIV programs. We determined sexual risk behavior and prevalence and correlates of STI in a national survey of large HIV treatment programs in Kenya.
METHODS: A mobile screening team visited 39 (95%) of the 42 largest HIV care programs in Kenya and enrolled participants using population-proportionate systematic sampling. Participants provided behavioral and clinical data. Genital and blood specimens were tested for trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and CD4 T-lymphocyte counts.
RESULTS: Among 1661 adults, 41% reported no sexual partners in the past 3 months. Among those who reported sex in the past 3 months, 63% of women reported condom use during this encounter compared with 77% of men (P < 0.001). Trichomoniasis was the most common STI in women (10.9%) and men (2.8%); prevalences of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis were low (<1%-2%). Among women, younger age (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.96 per year; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94-0.98) and primary school education or lower level (adjusted OR, 2.16; 95% CI, 1.37-3.40) were independently associated with trichomoniasis, whereas CD4 count, cotrimoxazole use, and reported condom use were not. Reported condom use at last sex was associated with reporting that the clinic provided condoms among both women (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.17-2.35) and men (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.18-4.82).
CONCLUSIONS: Women attending Kenyan HIV care programs had a 10.9% prevalence of trichomoniasis, suggesting that screening for this infection may be useful. Condom provision at clinics may enhance secondary HIV prevention efforts.
Benson Singa; Sara Nelson Glick; Naomi Bock; Judd Walson; Linda Chaba; James Odek; R Scott McClelland; Gaston Djomand; Hongjiang Gao; Grace John-Stewart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sexually transmitted diseases     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1537-4521     ISO Abbreviation:  Sex Transm Dis     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705941     Medline TA:  Sex Transm Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  148-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
From the *Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; †Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC; ‡US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; §Departments of Medicine, Epidemiology, and Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; and ¶Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.
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