Document Detail

Sexual assault of women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20148503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sexual violence affects up to one third of women during their lifetime. Sexual assault is underreported, and more than one half of assaults are committed by someone known to the survivor. Although both men and women can be sexually assaulted, women are at greatest risk. Some groups are more vulnerable, including adolescents; survivors of childhood sexual or physical abuse; persons who are disabled; persons with substance abuse problems; sex workers; persons who are poor or homeless; and persons living in prisons, institutions, or areas of military conflict. Family physicians care for sexual assault survivors immediately and years after the assault. Immediate care includes the treatment of injuries, prophylaxis for sexually transmitted infections, administration of emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy, and the sensitive management of psychological issues. Family physicians should collect evidence for a "rape kit" only if they are experienced in treating persons who have been sexually assaulted because of the legal ramifications of improper collection and storage of evidence. Sexual assault may result in long-term mental and physical health problems. Presentations to the family physician may include self-destructive behaviors, chronic pelvic pain, and difficulty with pelvic examinations. Prevention of sexual assault is societal and should focus on public health education. Safety and support programs have been shown to reduce sexual assaults.
Helen Luce; Sarina Schrager; Valerie Gilchrist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American family physician     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1532-0650     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Fam Physician     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-12     Completed Date:  2010-04-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1272646     Medline TA:  Am Fam Physician     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  489-95     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Family Medicine at University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Wausau Family Medicine Residency Program, Wausau, WI 54401, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Contraception, Postcoital
Crime Victims
Emergency Treatment / methods
Forensic Medicine / legislation & jurisprudence,  methods*
Physician's Role
Rape / diagnosis*,  rehabilitation*
Risk Factors
Sexually Transmitted Diseases / prevention & control
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis,  etiology*,  prevention & control,  therapy
Young Adult
Summary for patients in:
Am Fam Physician. 2010 Feb 15;81(4):496   [PMID:  20180297 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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