Document Detail

Sexual HIV risk behaviors in a treatment-refractory opioid-dependent sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23061323     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The propensity to engage in risk behaviors confers an elevated risk of HIV and other infectious disease transmission in opioid-dependent populations. Although drug abuse treatment may decrease drug-related risk behaviors such as needle-sharing, additional intervention may be needed to reduce HIV risk behavior. In this investigation, we assessed sexual HIV risk behaviors in opioid-dependent patients who were engaging in regular drug use despite ongoing counseling and methadone maintenance therapy. Potential risk and protective factors for engaging in sexual HIV risk behavior were examined. Taking into account demographic, psychiatric, substance use, and psychological variables, the only significant predictor of risk behavior was age. Specifically, younger patients were more likely to engage in sexual HIV risk behavior. The implications of these results for reducing sexual HIV risk behavior and for HIV prevention in methadone-maintained, treatment-refractory opioid-dependent patients are discussed.
R Kathryn McHugh; Meara Weitzman; Steven A Safren; Heather W Murray; Mark H Pollack; Michael W Otto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychoactive drugs     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0279-1072     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychoactive Drugs     Publication Date:    2012 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  2012-11-13     Revised Date:  2013-09-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8113536     Medline TA:  J Psychoactive Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Analgesics, Opioid / therapeutic use
Counseling / methods
HIV Infections / psychology,  transmission*
Methadone / therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Sexual Behavior*
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics, Opioid; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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