Document Detail


Sexual behavior as a function of stigma and coping with stigma among people with HIV/AIDS in rural New England.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22782789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relationship between coping with HIV/AIDS stigma and engaging in risky sexual behavior (i.e., inconsistent condom use) was examined in HIV-positive adults living in rural areas. Participants answered questions about their experiences with HIV/AIDS prejudice and discrimination (enacted stigma) and their perceptions of felt HIV/AIDS stigma (disclosure concerns, negative self-image, and concern with public attitudes). They were also asked about how they coped with HIV/AIDS stigma, and about their sexual activity during the past 90 days. We hypothesized that using disengagement coping to manage the stress of HIV/AIDS stigma would be related to risky sexual behavior. Multinomial logistic regression results showed that using disengagement coping (avoidance, denial, and wishful thinking) coupled with high levels of enacted stigma was associated with less risky rather than more risky sexual behavior. That is, disengagement coping coupled with high stigma increased the odds of not having vaginal or anal sex versus inconsistently using condoms. Implications for people with HIV/AIDS who use disengagement coping to manage stress to deal with HIV/AIDS stigma are discussed.
Authors:
Susan E Varni; Carol T Miller; Sondra E Solomon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS and behavior     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1573-3254     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS Behav     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-26     Completed Date:  2013-02-11     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712133     Medline TA:  AIDS Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2330-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Psychology Department, University of Vermont, John Dewey Hall, 2 Colchester Ave, Burlington, VT, 05405, USA. susan.richardson@uvm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological*
Adolescent
Adult
Condoms / utilization
Female
HIV Infections / psychology*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
New England
Prejudice
Questionnaires
Risk-Taking
Rural Population / statistics & numerical data
Sexual Behavior / psychology*
Social Stigma*
Stress, Psychological
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 MH 066848/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH066848/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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