Document Detail

Sex-related differences in time estimation and the role of expectancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15204046     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this study, using auditory sequences, the authors designed an examination with three phases of stimulus-driven attention that is based on the possibility that involuntarily time shifts of attention are caused by nonunique stimulus properties. The purpose was to investigate whether attending and temporal expectancies are influenced by stimulus's properties and by sex. In each phase, an auditory stimulus train was presented, and the participant was asked to tap rhythmically in order to anticipate every fifth stimulus (or, in the third phase, the lack of it). The time between button pressing and stimulus onset was measured using a computer. Time estimation was accepted as a false response if the subject responded before 150 ms or 150 ms later from onset stimulus time. Error numbers were greater in Phase 3 and there was no significant difference between the male and female subjects for any of the phases when error numbers were compared. On the other hand, males pressed the button more accurately than females. Time estimation performance was affected by sex and expectancy-related motor responses are very important for time estimation.
Nazan Dolu; Asuman Golgeli; Cem Suer; Meral Ascioglu; Cigdem Ozesmi; Ozlem Sahin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of neuroscience     Volume:  114     ISSN:  0020-7454     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-18     Completed Date:  2004-07-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0270707     Medline TA:  Int J Neurosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  805-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright Taylor and Francis Inc.
University of Erciyes, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology,Kayseri, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Analysis of Variance
Attention / physiology*
Discrimination Learning / physiology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Reaction Time / physiology
Serial Learning / physiology*
Sex Factors*
Time Perception / physiology*

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