Document Detail


Sex in fungi.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21942368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sexual reproduction enables genetic exchange in eukaryotic organisms as diverse as fungi, animals, plants, and ciliates. Given its ubiquity, sex is thought to have evolved once, possibly concomitant with or shortly after the origin of eukaryotic organisms themselves. The basic principles of sex are conserved, including ploidy changes, the formation of gametes via meiosis, mate recognition, and cell-cell fusion leading to the production of a zygote. Although the basic tenants are shared, sex determination and sexual reproduction occur in myriad forms throughout nature, including outbreeding systems with more than two mating types or sexes, unisexual selfing, and even examples in which organisms switch mating type. As robust and diverse genetic models, fungi provide insights into the molecular nature of sex, sexual specification, and evolution to advance our understanding of sexual reproduction and its impact throughout the eukaryotic tree of life.
Authors:
Min Ni; Marianna Feretzaki; Sheng Sun; Xuying Wang; Joseph Heitman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2011-09-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of genetics     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1545-2948     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu. Rev. Genet.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-08     Completed Date:  2012-02-24     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0117605     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Genet     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  405-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. heitm001@duke.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aneuploidy
Chromosomes, Fungal / genetics,  metabolism
Evolution, Molecular*
Fungi / genetics,  metabolism,  physiology*
Genes, Mating Type, Fungal
Genetic Loci
Germ Cells / cytology,  metabolism
Inheritance Patterns
Mitochondria / physiology
Mycelium / physiology
Recombination, Genetic
Reproduction / genetics,  physiology
Sex Chromosomes / genetics,  metabolism
Signal Transduction
Spores, Fungal / genetics,  metabolism,  physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AI085331/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; AI39115/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; AI50113/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; R01 AI050113/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; R37 AI039115/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; R37 AI039115-14/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; R37 AI039115-15/AI/NIAID NIH HHS; T32-AI52080/AI/NIAID NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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