Document Detail


Sex differences in visual-spatial ability: the role of performance factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2233267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two studies were designed to explore the role of performance factors as sources of the frequently noted higher male scores on visual-spatial ability tests. In the first study, the mental rotations test (MRT) was administered to male and female college students of equally high quantitative ability (based on SAT math scores). Although males had significantly more correct responses on the test than did females, their advantage was eliminated when the ratio of correct responses to items attempted was used as the dependent measure. In the second study, the same test was administered to new groups of male and female college students. In this sample, the males had significantly higher SAT math scores. The MRT was administered under standard, timed conditions and under untimed conditions. Both raw and ratio scores were calculated. With SAT math score as the covariate, analyses of covariance indicated that males demonstrated higher performance in the timed, raw-score condition but not in the untimed or in the ratio-score conditions. The theoretical and social policy implications of these studies are discussed.
Authors:
D Goldstein; D Haldane; C Mitchell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0090-502X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  1990 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-05     Completed Date:  1990-12-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  546-50     Citation Subset:  C    
Affiliation:
Duke University Talent Identification Program, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aptitude*
Female
Humans
Male
Problem Solving
Reaction Time
Sex Factors
Space Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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