Document Detail


Sex differences in pain and thermal sensitivity: the role of body size.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1945739     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sex differences in heat-pain and thermal sensitivity were investigated in 32 women (20 to 60 years of age) and 32 men (17 to 63 years of age) who had no somatosensory impairments. Pain thresholds were measured with stimuli of two different durations (phasic and tonic). Warmth and cold thresholds were assessed as indices of thermal sensitivity. Stimulation was applied to the hand and to the foot by an apparatus containing a Peltier thermode. There were no sex differences in heat-pain thresholds. Women had significantly lower warmth thresholds than men (more pronounced on the foot than on the hand), but similar cold thresholds. Measures of body size (weight, height) correlated much more strongly with thermal than with pain sensitivity, and helped to explain the sex difference in the warmth threshold. A reduction of sex differences to body-measure differences appears likely, but could not be demonstrated unequivocally.
Authors:
S Lautenbacher; F Strian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception & psychophysics     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0031-5117     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Psychophys     Publication Date:  1991 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-12-06     Completed Date:  1991-12-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0200445     Medline TA:  Percept Psychophys     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-83     Citation Subset:  C    
Affiliation:
Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Body Constitution*
Body Height
Body Weight
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement*
Sensory Thresholds
Sex Characteristics*
Temperature Sense*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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