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Sex differences in newborn interaction with mother or father during skin-to-skin contact after Caesarean section.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22077187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim:  To investigate differences between the breast-seeking and crying behaviour of girls and boys in skin-to-skin contact with their mother or their father after Caesarean section as well as the point-in-time for the first breastfeeding and to compare mothers' and fathers' interactive behaviour with their newborn girl or boy. Methods:  Twenty girls and 17 boys were randomized to 25 minutes of skin-to-skin contact with one or the other parent immediately after birth. The interaction was videotaped. Results:  Girls started rooting movements earlier than boys in skin-to-skin-contact with either parent (p=0.027). Infants started to breastfeed significantly earlier if having been in skin-to-skin contact with mothers compared to skin-to-skin contact with fathers during the first 5-30 minutes (p=0.018). Girls cried more than boys in skin-to-skin-contact with either parent (p=0.02). Mothers used more touching behaviour towards their newborn infant than fathers (p=0.001). Mothers touched girls less than boys (p=0.038). Fathers directed less speech towards girls compared to boys (p=0.042). Conclusion:  Early mother-infant skin-to-skin contact immediately after Caesarean Section should be promoted until the occurrence of the first breastfeed. If the mother is unable to provide skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth, the father-infant skin-to-skin contact is a valuable alternative since it enhances paternal interaction.
Authors:
M Velandia; K Uvnäs-Moberg; E Nissen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Acta Paediatrica © 2011 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Affiliation:
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division Reproductive Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agriculture, Skara, Sweden.
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