Document Detail


Sex allocation and population structure in apicomplexan (protozoa) parasites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10714880     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Establishing the selfing, rate of parasites is important for studies in clinical and epidemiological medicine as well as evolutionary biology Sex allocation theory offers a relatively cheap and easy way to estimate selfing rates in natural parasite populations. Local mate competition (LMC) theory predicts that the optimal sex ratio (r*; defined as proportion males) is related to the selfing rate (s) by the equation r* = (1-s)/2. In this paper, we generalize the application of sex allocation theory across parasitic protozoa in the phylum Apicomplexa. This cosmopolitan phylum consists entirely of parasites, and includes a number of species of medical and veterinary importance. We suggest that LMC theory should apply to eimeriorin intestinal parasites. As predicted, data from 13 eimeriorin species showed a female-biased sex ratio, with the sex ratios suggesting high levels of selfing (0.8-1.0). Importantly, our estimate of the selfing rate in one of these species, Toxoplasma gondii, is in agreement with previous genetic analyses. In contrast, we predict that LMC theory will not apply to the groups in which syzygy occurs (adeleorins, gregarines and piroplasms). Syzygy occurs when a single male gametocyte and a single female gametocyte pair together physically or in close proximity, just prior to fertilization. As predicted, data from four adeleorin species showed sex ratios not significantly different from 0.5.
Authors:
S A West; T G Smith; A F Read
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  267     ISSN:  0962-8452     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-18     Completed Date:  2000-04-18     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK. stu.west@ed.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Apicomplexa / classification,  genetics,  physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Population Dynamics
Protozoan Infections / parasitology
Sex Ratio
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