Document Detail


Sex Differences in Circadian Timing Systems: Implications for Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24287074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Virtually every eukaryotic cell has an endogenous circadian clock and a biological sex. These cell-based clocks have been conceptualized as oscillators whose phase can be reset by internal signals such as hormones, and external cues such as light. The present review highlights the inter-relationship between circadian clocks and sex differences. In mammals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) serves as a master clock synchronizing the phase of clocks throughout the body. Gonadal steroid receptors are expressed in almost every site that receives direct SCN input. Here we review sex differences in the circadian timing system in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPG), the hypothalamic-adrenal- pituitary (HPA) axis, and sleep-arousal systems. We also point to ways in which disruption of circadian rhythms within these systems differs in the sexes and is associated with dysfunction and disease. Understanding sex differentiated circadian timing systems can lead to improved treatment strategies for these conditions.
Authors:
Matthew Bailey; Rae Silver
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in neuroendocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-6808     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Neuroendocrinol     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513292     Medline TA:  Front Neuroendocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Columbia University Medical Center. Electronic address: mrb2225@columbia.edu.
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