Document Detail


Sevoflurane postconditioning reduces myocardial reperfusion injury in rat isolated hearts via activation of PI3K/Akt signaling and modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20803770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sevoflurane postconditioning reduces myocardial infarct size. The objective of this study was to examine the role of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway in anesthetic postconditioning and to determine whether PI3K/Akt signaling modulates the expression of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins in sevoflurane postconditioning. Isolated and perfused rat hearts were prepared first, and then randomly assigned to the following groups: Sham-operation (Sham), ischemia/reperfusion (Con), sevoflurane postconditioning (SPC), Sham plus 100 nmol/L wortmannin (Sham+Wort), Con+Wort, SPC+Wort, and Con+dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO). Sevoflurane postconditioning was induced by administration of sevoflurane (2.5%, v/v) for 10 min from the onset of reperfusion. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), maximum increase in rate of LVDP (+dP/dt), maximum decrease in rate of LVDP (-dP/dt), heart rate (HR), and coronary flow (CF) were measured at baseline, R30 min (30 min of reperfusion), R60 min, R90 min, and R120 min. Creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured after 5 min and 10 min reperfusion. Infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining at the end of reperfusion. Total Akt and phosphorylated Akt (phospho-Akt), Bax, Bcl-2, Bad, and phospho-Bad were determined by Western blot analysis. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Student-Newman-Keuls' test were used to investigate the significance of differences between groups. The LVDP, + or - dP/dt, and CF were higher and LVEDP was lower in the SPC group than in the Con group at all points of reperfusion (P<0.05). The SPC group had significantly reduced CK and LDH release and decreased infarct size compared with the Con group [(22.9 + or - 8)% vs. (42.4 + or - 9.4)%, respectively; P<0.05]. The SPC group also had increased the expression of phospho-Akt, Bcl-2, and phospho-Bad, and decreased the expression of Bax. Wortmannin abolished the cardioprotection of sevoflurane postconditioning. Sevoflurane postconditioning may protect the isolated rat heart. Activation of PI3K and modulation of the expression of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins may play an important role in sevoflurane-induced myocardial protection.
Authors:
Li-na Yu; Jing Yu; Feng-jiang Zhang; Mei-juan Yang; Ting-ting Ding; Jun-kuan Wang; Wei He; Tao Fang; Gang Chen; Min Yan
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1862-1783     ISO Abbreviation:  J Zhejiang Univ Sci B     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-30     Completed Date:  2011-01-04     Revised Date:  2013-05-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101236535     Medline TA:  J Zhejiang Univ Sci B     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  661-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Androstadienes / pharmacology
Anesthetics, Inhalation / antagonists & inhibitors,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Animals
Apoptosis / drug effects,  physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Blotting, Western
Creatine Kinase / analysis
Heart Rate / physiology
Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology
Ischemic Postconditioning / methods*,  standards
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / analysis
Male
Methyl Ethers / antagonists & inhibitors,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / drug therapy*,  metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism*
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
Random Allocation
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Signal Transduction / physiology
Ventricular Pressure / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Androstadienes; 0/Anesthetics, Inhalation; 0/Immunosuppressive Agents; 0/Methyl Ethers; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 19545-26-7/wortmannin; 28523-86-6/sevoflurane; EC 1.1.1.27/L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.11.1/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase
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