Document Detail


Severe pneumonia in a remote hilly area: integrated management of childhood illness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16444058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to profile children with severe pneumonia in the perspective of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy in a resource-constrained environment. METHODS: 115 consecutive children, aged 2 months to 10 yr, hospitalized with severe pneumonia were prospectively evaluated between May 1997 and June 1998 at a civil hospital in the northern hilly state of India. RESULTS: All children had tachypnea and lower chest wall indrawing. Grunting was observed in 39.7%, inability to drink in 16.5%, and cyanosis in 1.7% cases. Radiological investigation was carried out only in 90 children that included abnormal chest radiographs (CXRs) in 76.6% cases. Feeding malpractices, vaccination inconsistencies, exposure hazards to smoking, micronutrient as well as macronutrient deficiencies, treatment from unqualified practitioners, inconsequential involvement of health care workers, predominant burden on mothers in the care of sick children, failure to recognize signs and symptoms of pneumonia by parents at home, lack of oxygen facilities, problems of accessibility and less faith on primary health care services were widely prevalent bottlenecks for effective implementation of 3 components of IMCI. CONCLUSION: Our study offers practical insights that can be useful in customizing IMCI to needs of children with pneumonia in a resource-constrained environment.
Authors:
Bhavneet Bharti; Sahul Bharti; Vandna Verma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-30     Completed Date:  2006-07-18     Revised Date:  2009-07-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Civil Hospital, Rohru, District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. bhavneetb@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Child, Preschool
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated*
Demography
Female
Health Care Rationing
Hospitalization
Humans
India / epidemiology
Infant
Male
Pneumonia / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*,  therapy
Prospective Studies
Rural Population
Socioeconomic Factors

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