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Severe obstructive sleep apnea increases cystatin C in clinically latent renal dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21183327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has been reported to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have demonstrated that cystatin C is a prognostic biomarker of the risk of death and CVD even in patients without established CKD. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we enrolled 267 consecutive OSA patients without CKD who had an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5 events per hour in overnight polysomnography. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) according to the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) equation (modified for Japanese). Serum cystatin C levels were measured in all patients. RESULTS: Cystatin C was significantly correlated with age (r = 0.37), body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.12), AHI (r = 0.17), C-reactive protein (CRP) (r = 0.12), and Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (r = 0.18). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that severe OSA defined by an AHI ≥ 30 events per hour was an independent variable for the highest quartiles of serum cystatin C levels (≥0.88 mg/L) (OR: 2.04, 95% CI: 1.04-4.01, P = 0.04) even after adjustment for age, BMI ≥ 25, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that severe OSA independently increases serum cystatin C levels in patients without CKD. Cystatin C is considered to be a biomarker that reflects both clinically latent renal dysfunction and cardiovascular risk that are influenced by OSA.
Kota Kato; Yoshifumi Takata; Yasuhiro Usui; Kazuki Shiina; Kihiro Asano; Yuki Hashimura; Hirokazu Saruhara; Yosuke Nishihata; Hirofumi Tomiyama; Akira Yamashina
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-3064     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908438     Medline TA:  Respir Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiology, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.
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