Document Detail

Severe obstructive airway disorders and diseases: vocal fold dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14716068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vocal Fold Dysfunction is a syndrome characterized by abnormal adduction of the focal folds during inspiration and is the cause of a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from mild inspiratory stridor to an inability to move any air. Patients present with varying degrees of intermittent respiratory difficulty, the most severe caused by intense laryngospasm. Distinguishing Vocal Fold Dysfunction from Refractory Asthma is important to avoid unnecessary pharmacotherapy and intubation. The diagnosis of Vocal Fold Dysfunction can only be made with certainty by flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy while the patient is symptomatic. Pulmonary function studies and a lack of response to bronchodilators may provide clues to the diagnosis. Most patients with the condition can be managed by speech therapy and the use of breathing strategies that eliminate the abnormal vocal fold movement. Chronic laryngeal irritation may be a trigger for Vocal Fold Dysfunction and conditions such as laryngopharyngeal reflux disease should be aggressively managed in this patient population.
Katherine A Kendall; Samuel Louie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1080-0549     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Rev Allergy Immunol     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-12     Completed Date:  2004-09-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504368     Medline TA:  Clin Rev Allergy Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otolaryngology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology*,  therapy
Vocal Cords / physiopathology*

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