Document Detail

Severe necrosis of oesophageal and gastric mucosa in fatal methanol poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22398189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Methanol is a potent neurotoxic substance that causes severe metabolic acidosis and serious neurological disorders. Most of the cases are accidental exposures to drinking beverages contaminated with methanol. There are few articles reporting pure methanol intoxication; however, it is well known that small quantities of pure methanol causes blindness and death, the minimum lethal dose being 50-100ml.A case report is presented of a 67-year-old woman, who committed suicide by ingestion of 500ml of absolute methanol. Despite symptomatic and supportive intensive care, the woman died 23h after hospital admission due to metabolic acidosis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. A complete medico-legal autopsy was performed. Grossly, there was complete detachment of the oesophagus mucosa and brownish discolouration of the gastric mucosa. Histological findings showed diffuse haemorrhagic necrosis of the stomach mucosa and intense acute inflammatory infiltration of the lamina propria. To our knowledge, this is the first autopsy report of such severe digestive injuries. A discussion and review of the recent literature on the subject are given.
José L Cascallana; Verónica Gordo; Rosario Montes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Forensic science international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6283     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902034     Medline TA:  Forensic Sci Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Forensic Pathology Service, Institute of Legal Medicine, Armando Duran s/n, 27001, Lugo, Spain.
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