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Severe food restriction induces myocardial dysfunction related to SERCA2 activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19794517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous studies have shown that food restriction promotes myocardial dysfunction in rats. However, the molecular mechanisms that are responsible are unclear. We investigated the role of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) on myocardial performance in food-restricted rats. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats, 60 days old, were fed a control or restricted diet (daily energy intake reduced to 50% of the control) for 90 days. Expression of Serca2a, phospholamban (PLB), Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), and thyroid hormone receptor (TRalpha1, TRbeta1) mRNA was determined by quantitative PCR. SERCA2 activity was measured by using 20 micromol/L cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) in a left ventricular papillary muscle preparation during isometric contraction in basal conditions and during post-rest contraction. Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4) and thyrotropin (TSH) were also determined. The 50%-restricted diet reduced body and ventricular weight and serum T4 and TSH levels. The interaction of CPA and food restriction reduced peak developed tension and maximum rate of tension decline (-dT/dt), but increased the resting tension intensity response during post-rest contraction. PLB and NCX mRNA were upregulated and TRalpha1 mRNA was downregulated by food restriction. These results suggest that food restriction promotes myocardial dysfunction related to impairment of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ uptake as a result of a hypothyroid state.
Authors:
Mário Mateus Sugizaki; André Soares Leopoldo; Marina Politi Okoshi; Alessandro Bruno; Sandro José Conde; Ana Paula Lima-Leopoldo; Carlos Roberto Padovani; Robson Francisco Carvalho; André Ferreira do Nascimento; Dijon Henrique Salomé de Campos; Célia Regina Nogueira; Antonio Carlos Cicogna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1205-7541     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  666-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical and Cardiology, School of Medicine, UNESP State University Júlio Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
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