Document Detail


Seven eating styles linked to overeating, overweight, and obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16781565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To broaden the perspective on the causes of overeating, overweight, and obesity and provide cross-cultural, comprehensive treatment approaches. BACKGROUND: Through food-related research into the world's wisdom traditions, cultural traditions, Eastern healing systems, and Western nutritional science, the authors present recurrent themes derived from ways in which cultures regarded, experienced, prepared, and shared food for millennia. DESIGN: An 80-item questionnaire, designed to measure food, nutrition, and eating themes was administered to 5,256 participants who registered for a Web-based integrative nutrition e-course. When the 80-items were factor analyzed separately in two randomly split halves of the sample as well as within age and sex categories, seven coherent and consistent factors or eating styles emerged. These eating styles were entered into a multiple regression analysis to predict overeating frequency and body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Each of the newly identified eating styles was independently related to self-reports of overeating frequency; five of the seven were significantly related to overweight and obesity. The eating styles include the following: (1) "Emotional Eating" (eating to manage feelings); (2) "Fresh Food, Fast Food" (eating mostly processed, high-calorie food; less fresh food); (3) "Food Fretting" (judgmental thoughts and overconcern about food); (4) "Task Snacking" (eating while doing other activities); (5) "Sensory, Spiritual Nourishment" ("flavoring" food with meaning); (6) "Eating Atmosphere" (dining aesthetics and surroundings); (7) "Social Fare" (eating alone vs with others). CONCLUSIONS: Further research is needed to assess the degree to which practicing and implementing these eating styles integratively will decrease overeating, overweight, and obesity.
Authors:
Larry Scherwitz; Deborah Kesten
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Explore (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1550-8307     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-19     Completed Date:  2006-08-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233160     Medline TA:  Explore (NY)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
BeWell Mobile Technology, Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Mass Index
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Eating / psychology*
Emotions*
Energy Intake
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity* / epidemiology,  etiology,  psychology
Predictive Value of Tests
Questionnaires

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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