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Serum vitamin D concentration status and its correlation with early biomarkers of remodeling following acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22159952     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Low serum level of vitamin D was shown to be associated with cardiovascular diseases as well as the presence of diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Vitamin D deficiency is a global problem, and is an Iranian problem as well. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first study on acute myocardial infarction that evaluates the correlation of vitamin D level with inpatients' outcomes, particularly on the early biomarkers of myocardial remodeling. METHODS: In a prospective study, patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction were included. The patients' 25 (OH) D levels were identified and the associations with clinical characteristics, including early remodeling biomarkers and in-hospital outcomes, were investigated. RESULTS: From the 139 included patients, 80.5% were male. The 25 (OH) deficiency was present in 72.7% of the patients. Hypertension and positive history of cardiovascular drug use were risk factors for the presence of low vitamin D levels (OR = 2.92; CI = 1.34-6.37, P < 0.05) and (OR = 2.36; CI = 1.05-5.29, P < 0.05), respectively. Moreover, a significant positive relationship between the inpatients' survival and the concentration of vitamin D was present (P < 0.001). By performing a multivariate analysis, we found that there was a significant inverse relationship between the level of 25 (OH) D and the level of MMP-9 after 72 h (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: The results of our study revealed a significant inverse relationship between serum MMP-9 as a biomarker of early remodeling and the level of 25(OH) D in patients after an acute myocardial infarction. Moreover, low level of vitamin D was associated with patients' mortality in this study.
Hossein Khalili; Azita Hajhossein Talasaz; Mojtaba Salarifar
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical research in cardiology : official journal of the German Cardiac Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1861-0692     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264123     Medline TA:  Clin Res Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O.Box 14155/6451, 1417614411, Tehran, Iran,
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