Document Detail


Serum micronutrient status and nutrient intake of elderly Yoruba people in a slum of Ibadan, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23211101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conceived in response to a perceived lack of data about the nutritional status of free-living elderly Yoruba people living in a poor urban area in south-western Nigeria. The major focus was to assess the micronutrient status of elderly Yoruba people living in a slum of Ibadan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study was designed to collect data on dietary intake and micronutrient status. SETTING: By means of a structured questionnaire and the estimated food record method, nutrient intake was assessed. Blood was taken from 120 people to determine serum micronutrient levels. SUBJECTS: A total of 240 elderly Yoruba people were selected from Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria using a random sampling technique. RESULTS: The diet of the elderly Yoruba participants was mainly plant based and inadequate in B vitamins (especially B1, B6 and folic acid) and micronutrients such as Zn. The intake of vitamin A ranged from 269 to 487 μg/d, while vitamin B1 and B2 intakes ranged from 0·20 to 0·82 mg/d in both males and females. The intake of vitamin C varied from 24·8 to 42·8 mg/d. The majority of participants had insufficient serum levels of vitamins and minerals relative to reference values. Forty per cent were deficient in serum Ca, 71 % were deficient in serum Zn and 51 % were deficient in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of the elderly Yoruba people were deficient in Zn, ferritin and vitamin B6. This is the result of a diet lacking in vitamins and minerals.
Authors:
Ibiyemi O Olayiwola; Grace T Fadupin; Serifat O Agbato; Deborah O Soyewo
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), UNAAB PO Box 54, Alabata Road, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria, 27/AB/NG.
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