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Serum levels of the adipokine fibroblast growth factor-21 are increased in preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23545215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious cardiovascular complication in pregnancy, which is associated with an increased future metabolic and cardiovascular risk for mother and newborn. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-21 was recently introduced as a novel adipokine improving glucose metabolism in vitro and in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated serum FGF-21 levels in patients with PE (n=51) as compared to healthy, age-matched controls (n=51) during and 6months after pregnancy. Furthermore, association of FGF-21 with markers of renal function, glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as inflammation, was elucidated in all individuals. RESULTS: Median maternal FGF-21 serum concentrations adjusted for body mass index and gestational age at blood sampling were significantly, almost 3-fold increased in PE patients (309.6ng/l) as compared to healthy, age-matched pregnant women (105.2ng/l) (p<0.001). Furthermore, FGF-21 concentrations were independently and positively correlated with triglycerides whereas an independent and negative association was observed with glomerular filtration rate and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in pregnant women. Moreover, FGF-21 serum levels significantly decreased in former PE patients 6months after pregnancy approaching levels found in control patients. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal FGF-21 serum concentrations are significantly increased in PE during pregnancy. Furthermore, triglycerides, glomerular filtration rate, and LDL cholesterol are independent predictors of circulating FGF-21 in pregnant women.
Holger Stepan; Karoline Kley; Janka Hindricks; Susan Kralisch; Alexander Jank; Wiebke Schaarschmidt; Susanne Schrey; Thomas Ebert; Ulrike Lössner; Jürgen Kratzsch; Matthias Blüher; Michael Stumvoll; Judit Richter; Mathias Fasshauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  Cytokine     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
University of Leipzig, Department of Obstetrics, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.
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