Document Detail

Serum leptin in first-trimester Down syndrome pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18437707     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Leptin is a key regulator of satiety; and the serum concentration is considered to reflect nutritional status. Expressed predominantly by the adipocytes, leptin is also expressed in placenta, which is a major source of both leptin and the leptin receptor in pregnancy serum. As a placenta protein, leptin serum concentrations may be perturbed in Down syndrome (DS) pregnancies as seen for pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and human chorionic gonadotrophin-beta (hCGbeta). We examined whether leptin is a maternal serum marker for foetal DS in the first trimester. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum samples from 44 pregnant women with a DS foetus, and 135 control pregnant women in week 8 to 14 had the leptin concentration determined by immunoassay and the concentrations were converted into multiples of the median (MoM) of controls based on log-regression analysis. The distributions of log10 MoM leptin was compared in DS and control pregnancies. RESULTS: Serum leptin increased significantly with gestational age in controls (p = 0.02). The mean log10 MoM in controls was - 0.0486, with a median empirical MoM of 0.89, and - 0.0618, with a median empirical MoM of 0.80, in DS pregnancies. This difference was not significant. The log10 MoM leptin values in DS pregnancies did not change with gestational age (p = 0.32). CONCLUSION: Leptin is not a first-trimester marker for foetal DS.
Paula Hedley; Michael Christiansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prenatal diagnosis     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0197-3851     ISO Abbreviation:  Prenat. Diagn.     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-03     Completed Date:  2008-10-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106540     Medline TA:  Prenat Diagn     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  475-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Markers / blood
Down Syndrome / blood*,  diagnosis*
Leptin / blood*
Linear Models
Pregnancy Trimester, First / blood*
Prenatal Diagnosis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Leptin

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