Document Detail

Serum-free culture of Japanese quail kidney cells. Regulation of vitamin D metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  228748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cells obtained from male quail kidneys by digestion with collagenase and hyaluronidase were plated and maintained in a chemically defined, serum-free medium. Culture dishes (35 mm) were inoculated with 1.5 . 10(6) cells which became confluent in 5 days. The cells maintained an epithelial-like morphology over the entire culture period. During a 2 h incubation the cells metabolized 25--30% of the 10 nM 25-hydroxyvitamin D-3 (25-OH-D-3) provided. Seven metabolites were chromatographically separated on Sephadex LH-20. Three have been identified as 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (1,25(OH)2D-3), 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (24,25(OH)2D-3) and 1 alpha, 24,25-trihhydroxyvitamin D-3 (1,24,25(OH)3D-3). The activities of the 25-OH-D-3:1 alpha- and 24-hydroxylases increased eight times faster than the cell number in 5 days. Preincubation of the cells with 10 nM 25-OH-D-3 or 1,25(OH)2D-3 decreased 1,25(OH)2D-3 synthesis, and increased both 24,25(OH)2D-3 and metabolite IV synthesis. The decrease in 25-OH-D-3:1 alpha-hydroxylase activity required a 2 h preincubation with 25-OH-D-3, while stimulation of 25-OH-D-3:24-hydroxylase activity and metabolite IV production required a 6 h preincubation. Incubations of cells for 1 h with parathyroid hormone resulted in a 30-fold increase in cyclic AMP in the medium. A 6 h preincubation with parathyroid hormone decreased 24,25(OH)2D-3) synthesis 50% relative to control cells. These results demonstrate the amenability of this system for studying the regulation of 25-OH-D-3 metabolism, as well as its use for other in vitro studies on renal cell function in a chemically defined culture system.
G A Howard; R T Turner; B L Bottemiller; J I Rader
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  587     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochim. Biophys. Acta     Publication Date:  1979 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-02-15     Completed Date:  1980-02-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  495-506     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cells, Cultured
Cyclic AMP / metabolism
Hydroxycholecalciferols / metabolism
Kidney / cytology,  metabolism*
Parathyroid Hormone / pharmacology
Vitamin D / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hydroxycholecalciferols; 0/Parathyroid Hormone; 1406-16-2/Vitamin D; 60-92-4/Cyclic AMP

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