Document Detail


Serum epinephrine and norepinephrine during valve replacement and aorta-coronary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  306867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A comparison of the levels of serum epinephrine, norepinephrine and blood pressure was made in 25 patients undergoing aorta-coronary bypass or valve replacement who were anaesthetized with a nitrous oxide-narcotic technique. Serum epinephrine and norepinephrine were measured in arterial samples drawn pre-induction, post-induction, before cardiopulmonary bypass, two and eight minutes after initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass, 20 minutes before termination and after termination of cardiopulmonary bypass. In both patient groups significant increases in epinephrine and norepinephrine occurred befored cardiopulmonary bypass, with accompanying increase of blood pressure in the valve replacement patients. During cardiopulmonary bypass an initial hypotensive response (p less than 0.001) was recorded, followed by a significant increase in blood pressure and epinephrine in both groups. After cardiopulmonary bypass, aorta-coronary bypass patients had epinephrine, norepinephrine and blood pressure equal to levels before cardiopulmonary bypass. In contrast, serum epinephrine continued to rise in the valve replacement patients, with a gradual recovery of blood pressure to pre-bypass levels. These findings demonstrate significant differences in blood pressure and catecholamine response in patients with valvular disease from patients with coronary artery disease.
Authors:
K Balasaraswathi; S N Glisson; A A El-Etr; R Pifarre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian Anaesthetists' Society journal     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0008-2856     ISO Abbreviation:  Can Anaesth Soc J     Publication Date:  1978 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-08-28     Completed Date:  1978-08-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0371163     Medline TA:  Can Anaesth Soc J     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  198-203     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass*
Epinephrine / blood*
Female
Heart Valve Prosthesis*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norepinephrine / blood*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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