Document Detail


Serum alpha-1 acid glycoprotein in chronic renal failure and hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2037396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The total concentration and concanavalin A (ConA)-dependent microheterogeneity of alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AAG) were studied in thirty hemodialyzed uremic patients and eighteen non-dialyzed uremic patients, by comparison with healthy volunteers. Serum concentrations of AAG were significantly higher in the non-dialyzed uremic (1.27 +/- 0.47 g/l) and hemodialyzed patients (1.29 +/- 0.33 g/l) than in the volunteers (0.79 +/- 0.09 g/l). The proportions of strongly ConA-reactive AAG fractions were also higher in non-dialyzed uremic (16.7%) and hemodialyzed patients (18.5%) than in volunteers (14.1%). These data may be related to an increase in bi-antennary glycans, as observed in patients on peritoneal dialysis, together with a probable change in sialylation. AAG serum levels and microheterogeneity were similar in non-dialyzed and hemodialyzed patients and did not appear in the dialyzed patients to depend on the type of dialysis membrane used, i.e. cuprophan (CU), cellulose acetate (CA), hemophan (HE), polyacrylonitrile (PAN), and polysulfon (PS), in spite of differences in biocompatibility. In patients dialyzed with CA membranes, there was a distinct decrease in the ConA non-reactive fraction (38.0%) and an increase in ConA slightly-reactive (42.2%) and strongly-reactive (19.7%) fractions. Differences in AAG serum levels and ConA reactivity between patients dialyzed with CA and PAN membranes seem to justify further investigations of other acute-phase reactants and immunological parameters.
Authors:
M P Vasson; J L Paul; R Couderc; E Albuisson; P J Bargnoux; J C Baguet; D Raichvarg
Related Documents :
6332276 - Complement activation and hypersensitivity reactions to dialysis membranes.
15187196 - Important differentiation of factors that predict outcome in peritoneal dialysis patien...
2183726 - Alteration of host defense mechanisms in chronic dialysis patients.
17409766 - Assessment and clinical aspects of health-related quality of life in dialysis patients ...
24289806 - Orthopaedic disorders in myotonic dystrophy type 1: descriptive clinical study of 21 pa...
18419056 - Hepatosplenic fungal infection in adult patients with acute leukemia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of artificial organs     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0391-3988     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Artif Organs     Publication Date:  1991 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-01     Completed Date:  1991-07-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802649     Medline TA:  Int J Artif Organs     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  92-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Concanavalin A
Humans
Immunoelectrophoresis, Two-Dimensional
Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood*,  therapy
Male
Membranes, Artificial
Middle Aged
Orosomucoid / analysis*
Renal Dialysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Membranes, Artificial; 0/Orosomucoid; 11028-71-0/Concanavalin A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Intraperitoneal thrombolytic agents in relapsing or persistent peritonitis of patients on continuous...
Next Document:  Successful haemodialysis via an unusually sited subclavian catheter.