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Serum Gc-globulin levels are reduced in patients with severe acute pancreatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22343783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To investigate the role of group-specific component globulin (Gc-globulin) in the early process of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 37 patients with SAP and 31 patients with mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) were enrolled in the study. Twenty healthy individuals served as controls. Blood samples were taken from SAP and MAP patients on the day of admission (day 1), day 7, and day 14. Serum total Gc-globulin levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: On admission, the total Gc-globulin levels of patients in the SAP group were 368 (270-455) mg/l (expressed as medians with interquartile range), which were significantly lower (P=0.007) compared with the control group [420 (299-585) mg/l]. In the SAP group, a significant decrease in serum total Gc-globulin was observed in patients who developed organ dysfunction [267 (242-306) mg/l] compared with patients who did not [414 (329-513) mg/l, P<0.001]. Patients with lower Gc-globulin levels were at a higher risk of developing organ dysfunction (P=0.005). Furthermore, serial measurements displayed increasing total Gc-globulin levels in survivors. CONCLUSION: Decreased total Gc-globulin was linked to poor outcomes of SAP. These data support our hypothesis that Gc-globulin may play an important role in the early process of acute pancreatitis. Gc-globulin might be a novel target for prognosis and therapy of SAP.
Authors:
Hao Jin; Jia Yu; Weixing Wang; Chen Chen; Xiaoyan Chen; Wenhong Deng; Xingchen Xiong; Haitao Sun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000874     Medline TA:  Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of General Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
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