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Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, established and emerging cardiovascular risk factors and risk of myocardial infarction before the age of 60 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22652526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationships of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration to established and emerging cardiovascular risk factors and risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in a population-based case-control study of MI before the age of 60 years. METHODS: A total of 387 survivors of a first MI and 387 sex- and age-matched controls were included. Fasting blood samples drawn three months after the MI in cases and at the same time in the matched controls were used for biochemical analyses. RESULTS: Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, adjusted for seasonal variation, were lower in cases than controls (55.0 (40.0-71.0) nmol/L vs 60.5 (47.0-75.0) nmol/L; median (interquartile range); standardized odds ratio (OR) for MI with 95% confidence interval in univariable analysis: 0.80 (0.69-0.93); p = 0.003). The 25(OH)D association with MI disappeared after adjustment for established and emerging risk factors (OR: 1.01 (0.82-1.25)). Current smoking and plasma levels of proinsulin and PAI-1 activity were independently associated with 25(OH)D in controls, whereas waist circumference, plasma triglycerides, proinsulin, PAI-1 activity and cystatin C, and non-Nordic ethnicity were independently associated with 25(OH)D in patients. Serial measurements of 25(OH)D (samples drawn <4 h and 3 months after the onset of MI) in 57 patients showed no systematic differences between sampling times. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D insufficiency, which is associated with a multitude of metabolic, procoagulant and inflammatory perturbations, is not independently related to premature MI. This suggests that vitamin D insufficiency either constitutes an epiphenomenon or increases the risk of MI by promoting established risk factor mechanisms that predispose to atherothrombosis.
Anna Deleskog; Olga Piksasova; Angela Silveira; Ann Samnegård; Per Tornvall; Per Eriksson; Sven Gustafsson; Claes-Göran Ostenson; John Ohrvik; Anders Hamsten
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1484     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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