Document Detail

Serological survey of <i>Brucella canis</i> in dogs in urban Harare and selected rural communities in Zimbabwe.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24830899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A cross-sectional study was conducted in order to detect antibodies for Brucella canis (B. canis) in dogs from urban Harare and five selected rural communities in Zimbabwe. Sera from randomly selected dogs were tested for antibodies to B. canis using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overall, 17.6% of sera samples tested (57/324, 95% CI: 13.5-21.7) were positive for B. canis antibodies. For rural dogs, seroprevalence varied from 11.7% - 37.9%. Rural dogs recorded a higher seroprevalence (20.7%, 95% CI: 15.0-26.4) compared with Harare urban dogs (12.7%, 95% CI: 6.9-18.5) but the difference was not significant (p = 0.07). Female dogs from both sectors had a higher seroprevalence compared with males, but the differences were not significant (p &gt; 0.05). Five and two of the positive rural dogs had titres of 1:800 and 1:1600, respectively, whilst none of the positive urban dogs had a titre above 1:400. This study showed that brucellosis was present and could be considered a risk to dogs from the studied areas. Further studies are recommended in order to give insight into the epidemiology of brucellosis in dogs and its possible zoonotic consequences in Zimbabwe. Screening for other Brucella spp. (Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis) other than B. canis is also recommended.
Simbarashe Chinyoka; Solomon Dhliwayo; Lisa Marabini; Keith Dutlow; Gift Matope; Davies M Pfukenyi
Related Documents :
12761049 - Hnrnp g and tra2beta: opposite effects on splicing matched by antagonism in rna binding.
11673859 - Calpastatin expression in porcine cardiac and skeletal muscle and partial gene structure.
10898959 - Thoracic skeletal defects in myogenin- and mrf4-deficient mice correlate with early def...
9401799 - Light-microscopic study of the beta 1 integrin subunit in human skeletal muscle.
8050369 - The caenorhabditis elegans myod homologue hlh-1 is essential for proper muscle function...
10455429 - Angiogenesis induced in muscle by a recombinant adenovirus expressing functional isofor...
12833639 - An adhesion molecule involved in muscular dystrophies: structural and functional analys...
23642629 - Soleus fascicle length changes are conserved between young and old adults at their pref...
8866719 - Cerebral vasodilatation in the cat involves nitric oxide from parasympathetic nerves.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-04-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Volume:  85     ISSN:  2224-9435     ISO Abbreviation:  J S Afr Vet Assoc     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-05-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503122     Medline TA:  J S Afr Vet Assoc     Country:  South Africa    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E1-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Hypophosphataemia after major hepatectomy and the risk of post-operative hepatic insufficiency and m...
Next Document:  Differences in the clinical course of heparin induced thrombocytopenia before and after the availabi...